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#Onthisday in 1865, enslaved African Americans were notified of their freedom by Union troops in Galveston Bay, TX—two years after the Emancipation Proclamation was issued.
Known as #Juneteenth, this day is widely celebrated as the end of chattel slavery in the U.S. Juneteenth marks our country’s second independence day. Though it has long been celebrated among the African American community, it is a history that has been marginalized and still remains largely unknown to the wider public. The legacy of Juneteenth shows the value of deep hope and urgent organizing in uncertain times. This Museum is a community space where that spirit can continue to live on – where histories like this one can surface, and new stories with equal urgency can be told. #APeoplesJourney #ANationsStory
📸: Juneteenth Emancipation Day Celebration, June 19, 1900, Texas, Courtesy Austin History Center.

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#OTD in 1777, the U.S. flag is created by the Continental Congress.
Despite historical denials of their humanity, African Americans have often sustained a vision of freedom—using the flag to force America to uphold its promise of equality & to spotlight the paradoxes of liberty. These photos from our collection, showcase that struggle toward full citizenship and equality. #FlagDay
📸: 1. Jacksonville, FL, © Anthony Barboza
2. New Age of Slavery, © Patrick Campbell Art and Illustration
3. Woman and the Flag July 4 March through Chapel Hill, Gift of James H Wallace Jr., © Jim Wallace, Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.

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Barbara Jordan made history twice in her political career—by becoming the first woman elected to the Texas Senate in 1966 and then as the first African American woman from the Deep South to win a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. A native to Houston's Fifth Ward, Jordan earned her law degree from Boston University, and later returned to open her law practice in Texas. In 1962, announced her first bid for public office in Texas legislature, it would take two more tries for her to make history. She caught the attendtion of President Lyndon B. Johnson, who invited her to the White House to preview his 1967 civil rights message. Her stance as an advocate for equality, fair employment, and social justice for would continue to propel her political career. In 1994, President Bill Clinton honored Jordan with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. #SmithsonianPride #PrideMonth #HiddenHerstory

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Medgar W. Evers (1925–1963), the son of a farmer, was born in Decatur, Mississippi. Evers voluntarily enlisted to serve in World War 2, serving in Europe and fighting in the Normandy invasion. After graduating from Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College in 1952, he went to work for a black insurance company in the Mississippi Delta. Evers applied to the University of Mississippi Law School in 1954, the same year as the Brown v. Board decision, but was denied admission. Soon after, he began organizing for the NAACP.
Later in 1954, he became the NAACP’s first field secretary in the state. His main duties were recruiting new members and investigating incidents of racial violence. He also led voter registration drives and mass protests, organized boycotts, fought segregation, and helped James Meredith enter the University of Mississippi, integrating the university. Evers was key in collecting witnesses and evidence in the Emmitt Till murder case, bringing it to the attention of the nation. In May 1963, Evers’s home was firebombed and #onthisday in 1963, he was assassinated in his driveway. His killer, white supremacist Byron De La Beckwith, was tried twice in 1964, but both trials resulted in hung juries. De La Beckwith was finally convicted at a third trial in 1994 and sentenced with life imprisonment for the murder of Evers. #APeoplesJourney #ANationsStory #MedgarEvers 📸: 1. Courtesy Mississippi Department of Archives and History, 2. Mrs. Medgar Evers with her children at Medgar Evers' grave, Arlington National cemetery, Library of Congress.

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“Watching Oprah: The Oprah Winfrey Show and American Culture” is now on view! #WatchingOprah considers the story and impact of Oprah Winfrey, a cultural icon watched by millions of viewers around the world.
Visit our new special exhibition on the concourse level!
🎥: Watch the full video on our YouTube channel at YouTube.com/nmaahc

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Join us today for a sneak peek of our new special exhibition, "Watching Oprah: The Oprah Winfrey Show and American Culture." The exhibition opens tomorrow, June 8th!
@Oprah shared her first reactions with us, be sure to share yours! Follow us on Twitter (@nmaahc) for a preview👀! #WatchingOprah

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@Oprah Winfrey opened her keynote at our inaugural annual #E3Summit: Empowerment, Entrepreneurship, Engagement, with the profound “Ain’t I a Woman” speech given by Sojourner Truth in 1851.
The event kicked off with CNN Newsroom anchor Fredericka Whitfield, and founder and Chair of Urban One, Inc., Cathy Hughes. A panel discussion followed with @blackgirlsrock creator @djbeverlybond, @mspackyetti, @iamlisaprice, the honorable Alexis Herman, the first African American U.S. Secretary of labor, and Phyllis James, Executive Vice Pres. and Chief Diversity & Corporate Responsibility Officer for MGM Resorts International.
Thank you to all who were in attendance! This event was launched in collaboration with our new special exhibition #WatchingOprah, opening June 8th!

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@Oprah Winfrey got her first broadcasting job at age 17, as a senior in Nashville, hired to read the news on WVOL-AM radio station. This photo is of Winfrey reading the news on air, ca. 1973.
Television brought issues around race in profound and powerful ways. For decades, black people were relegated to playing stereotypical characters, if on TV at all. However, the fight for equality in other areas of society eventually created new opportunities for African Americans in front of the camera. By the late 1960s, a few entertainers had hosted programs or starred in a series. But while television tried at times to appear color blind, these attempts were often short-lived. Winfrey grew up witnessing some of those pioneering African American women on television, such as TV-host Della Reese, "The NFL Today"'s first woman announcer Jayne Kennedy and "Star Trek"'s Nichelle Nichols.
Join us for our special exhibition “#WatchingOprah: The Oprah Winfrey Show and American Culture,” for an exploration of the legacy and importance of “The Oprah Winfrey Show” on American society.
📸: Courtesy Metropolitan Government Archives of Nashville

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For 25 seasons and 4,561 shows, “The Oprah Winfrey Show” reflected and influenced American society and captured the attention of millions around the world.
In our upcoming special exhibition, “Watching Oprah: The Oprah Winfrey Show and American Culture,” we explore the life and legacy of media powerhouse and cultural icon Oprah Winfrey. Opening Friday, June 8, 2018 to June 2019, learn about the early life, career, and undeniable impact of @Oprah Winfrey and “The Oprah Winfrey Show” had on American society. #WatchingOprah

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The history of African American music in the United States is the history of music 🎶 in the United States. From Prince's iconic musical blends to Outkast's southern hip-hop style—journey with us this #BlackMusicMonth, as we explore American regions and the artists who helped shape our musical landscape.
Subscribe and watch the full story at our @Youtube channel 🎥: youtube.com/nmaahc #APeoplesGroove

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#Onthisday in 1921, the deadliest racial massacre in U.S. history occurred in the Greenwood African American district of Tulsa, Oklahoma.This section of Tulsa was a thriving community known as “Black Wall Street’ and included several groceries, two independent newspapers, two movie theaters, nightclubs, and numerous churches. Downtown Greenwood was the center of African American life in Tulsa, and one of the first sections of the city that sold to African American settlers. The imprisonment of Dick Rowland, a black man falsely accused of assaulting a white woman, sparked the Tulsa race riot. A lynch mob gathered to hang Rowland, but black Tulsans hurried to the courthouse to protect him. Between May 31 and June 1, 1921, white mobs ransacked, razed, and burned over 1,000 homes, businesses, and churches in Greenwood, and murdered scores of African Americans.
Our Power of Place exhibition documents this moment in history, and other places that have helped shape the African American experience. #APeoplesJourney #ANationsStory
📸: Princetta R. Newman, Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.

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#Onthisday in 1965, Vivian Malone became the first African American graduate of the University of Alabama. In 1963, Malone and John Hood became the first African Americans to enroll at the University of Alabama. On registration day, Governor George Wallace blocked the door—planning to prevent their entry and uphold his promise of “Segregation now, segregation today, segregation forever.” President John F. Kennedy issued Executive Order 11111, federalizing the National Guard to command Wallace step aside. Malone, who entered as a junior, graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in business management.
The battle to desegregate the University of Alabama had begun almost a decade earlier by two African American women in 1952, Autherine Lucy and Pollie Anne Myers in Lucy and Myers v. University of Alabama.
#HiddenHerstory #APeoplesJourney #ANationsStory
📸: Vivian Malone entering Foster Auditorium to register for classes at the University of Alabama, through a crowd that includes photographers, National Guard members, and Deputy U.S. Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach.

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